Types of Collaboration

A number of different forms of collaboration are possible. These include, but are not limited to the following:


Articulation is a process whereby students at another institution are admitted to the University with advanced standing (e.g. 2+2, 3+1). The University reviews provision at another organisation and judges that the curriculum of a specified programme (or a specified part) provides an appropriate basis, and is of an appropriate academic standard, to enable advanced entry on a standard and regular basis to a programme leading to a University award.

02Capacity Building:

A strong academic sector is a prerequisite for any country to be able to develop its own intellectual resources, promote innovation and knowledge creation, and optimize its capacity for social and economic development. The International Universities are involved in a range of capacity building activities such as the development of research skills and competencies, research projects, PhD-, master- and bachelor education and institutional/administrative.

These projects lead to mutually rewarding partnerships and provide access to international networks and expertise, expand education and research activities in partner institutions, enhance global and developmental perspectives, and provide institutional, personal and career development opportunities.

03Distance Delivery:

The University and the partner institution(s) jointly develop and deliver a taught programme leading to a single award from all participating institutions (joint award). One institution takes the lead in financial, administrative and quality assurance matters. The award makes reference to the input of the partner institution(s).

04Joint Delivery:

A Joint Delivery arrangement is one where one (or more) partner institutions provide teaching towards an award of the University. In such cases, the provision (or intellectual property) is owned by the University.

05Research Collaborations:

The University is interested in developing collaboration among researchers – bringing them together in existing, new or larger 'Centres of Excellence'. Collaboration can take various forms ranging from offering general advice and insights, sharing data or ideas through correspondence or discussions at conferences, by visiting each other, or by active participation in a specific piece of research conducted jointly or separately and then integrating the results. Research and Enterprise can provide further advice.

06Student mobility:

Student mobility is any opportunity for students to work or study abroad whilst undertaking their degree programme – whether undergraduate or postgraduate. Student Mobility can be both incoming and outgoing in the form of Bilateral Exchange or one-way Study Abroad. The International University has Bilateral Exchange Agreements in place for sending its outgoing students to partner institutions in Europe (via Erasmus) and non European countries (International Exchange Programme).

Study Abroad programmes are one-way (incoming only) fee paying programmes for either one semester or one academic year


Validation is the process by which the University judges that a programme developed and delivered by another institution without degree awarding powers is of an appropriate quality and standard to lead to the International University award at a specified level and that the necessary resources are available to support the delivery of e programme.

The delivery of an International University programme by University staff using the premises and facilities of another organisation physically and geographically distanced (often another Higher Education Institution). International University retains overall control of delivery and the formal teaching is undertaken mainly by University staff. The partner institution may provide some teaching and/or administrative/ learning support. 'Flying faculty' or 'offshore provision' are other terms used for this type of collaboration.


Franchising is the process by which we authorise an approved partner institution to deliver (and sometimes assess) part or all of an approved International University programme, which lead to a University award.


A hybrid is a collaboration involving more than one type of collaborative arrangement.